Release Announcement

We are pleased to announce the twenty-fourth release (code name "Bernhard Riemann") of the Einstein Toolkit, an open-source, community developed software infrastructure for relativistic astrophysics. The major changes in this release include:

  • Long-standing default parameters issues were fixed.

  • Support for CareptX included in the Cactus Flesh.

  • Parts of Carpet re-written with modern C++.

  • When using either g++ or icpc, gcc version 6 or higher is now required.

In addition, bug fixes accumulated since the previous release in November 2021 have been included.

The Einstein Toolkit is a collection of software components and tools for simulating and analyzing general relativistic astrophysical systems that builds on numerous software efforts in the numerical relativity community including code to compute initial data parameters, the spacetime evolution codes Baikal, lean_public, and McLachlan, analysis codes to compute horizon characteristics and gravitational waves, the Carpet AMR infrastructure, and the relativistic magneto-hydrodynamics codes GRHydro and IllinoisGRMHD. The Einstein Toolkit also contains a 1D self-force code. For parts of the toolkit, the Cactus Framework is used as the underlying computational infrastructure providing large-scale parallelization, general computational components, and a model for collaborative, portable code development.

The Einstein Toolkit uses a distributed software model and its different modules are developed, distributed, and supported either by the core team of Einstein Toolkit Maintainers, or by individual groups. Where modules are provided by external groups, the Einstein Toolkit Maintainers provide quality control for modules for inclusion in the toolkit and help coordinate support. The Einstein Toolkit Maintainers currently involve staff and faculty from five different institutions, and host weekly meetings that are open for anyone to join.

Guiding principles for the design and implementation of the toolkit include: open, community-driven software development; well thought-out and stable interfaces; separation of physics software from computational science infrastructure; provision of complete working production code; training and education for a new generation of researchers.

For more information about using or contributing to the Einstein Toolkit, or to join the Einstein Toolkit Consortium, please visit our web pages at, or contact the users mailing list

The Einstein Toolkit is primarily supported by NSF 2004157/2004044/2004311/2004879/2003893 (Enabling fundamental research in the era of multi-messenger astrophysics).

The Einstein Toolkit contains about 327 regression test cases. On a large portion of the tested machines, almost all of these tests pass, using both MPI and OpenMP parallelization.


This release includes contributions by

  • Maria C. Babiuc Hamilton

  • Gabriele Bozzola

  • Steven R. Brandt

  • Zachariah B. Etienne

  • William E. Gabella

  • Roland Haas

  • Wolfgang Kastaun

  • Patrick Nelson

  • Erik Schnetter

  • Ken Sible

  • Leonardo Werneck

How to upgrade from Johnson Release (ET_2021_11)

To upgrade from the previous release, use GetComponents with the new thornlist to check out the new version.

See the Download page ( on the Einstein Toolkit website for download instructions.

The SelfForce-1D code uses a single git repository, thus using

git pull; git checkout ET_2022_05

will update the code.

To install Kuibit, do the following:

pip install --user -U kuibit==1.3.4

Machine notes

Supported (tested) machines include:

  • Default Debian, Ubuntu, Fedora, CentOS, Mint, OpenSUSE and MacOS Monterey (MacPorts) installations

  • Expanse

  • Queen Bee 2

  • Queen Bee 3

  • Stampede 2

  • Sunrise

  • SuperMUC-NG

  • Summit

Note for individual machines:

  • TACC machines: defs.local.ini needs to have sourcebasedir = $WORK and basedir = $SCRATCH/simulations configured for this machine. You need to determine $WORK and $SCRATCH by logging in to the machine.

  • SuperMUC-NG: defs.local.ini needs to have sourcebasedir = $HOME and basedir = $SCRATCH/simulations configured for this machine. You need to determine $HOME and $SCRATCH by logging in to the machine.

All repositories participating in this release carry a branch ET_2022_05 marking this release. These release branches will be updated if severe errors are found.

The "Bernhard Riemann" Release Team on behalf of the Einstein Toolkit Consortium (2022-05-31)

  • Yosef Zlochower,

  • Steven R. Brandt,

  • Peter Diener,

  • William E. Gabella,

  • Miguel Gracia-Linares,

  • Roland Haas,

  • Atul Kedia

May 29, 2022